“My Role in Creating a Peaceful World”

Human beings do desire to live in a world of peace. No one wants to live in a world of war and tragic disasters killing and causing them to live under the miseries and agonies. 100-year-ago world was unlike the present world. In the past, the world experienced several tremendously affected wars such as the World War I, World War II, and as well as the Cold War which claimed mass lives of people and ruined everything. But the world, now, is highly likely to be safe and peaceful thanks to the absence of war. However, a substantial number of people are still afraid that the world will be turned into the battlefield and unsafe place due to the current controversial ideas, competitions among the world’s superpowers and continuous conflicts between the world’s countries. I have some important perspectives towards peaceful world. As far as we know, the world’s superpower countries such as the United States, Russia, China, Britain and France strive to compete with one another in terms of nuclear weapons. They always want to bring the world under control by wielding weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) to threaten the world. Our world, therefore, will be peaceful if it becomes nuclear-free. Furthermore, non-ideological challenge is of crucial importance to peaceful world. Cold War came as there was the ideological conflict between Russia and the United States. It is perfectly clear that the democracies like the United States do not get along well with Russia, China, and North Korea, the communists. Democracies are generally more prosperous, better governed, less likely to wage war against their neighbors than non-democratic states. Shortages of food leave a huge number of dead people, which leads to the unsafe world. Starvation can transform humankind into wild animals and cause people to commit theft, robbery and killing. World’s poverty eradication is also a solution to safe world. Peaceful world depends heavily on not only the absence of war, ideological harmony, and poverty eradication, but also environmental protection. We are mutually reliant on environment and it has a great influence on us. Environmental problems including natural disasters claim millions of people’s lives, which concerns the world. Besides, a sense of respecting, understanding, helping, non-discriminating each other irrespective of race, religion and living in one family also leads harmonious world. Each country pays a respect to each other’s territorial sovereignty and does not invade the other countries. Peace cannot be kept by force; it can only be achieved by mutual understanding. Also, the world should follow the culture of helping each other in order to make a better world. As a youth, peace can be brought to the world by several means. Educated youths are very important to help make peace. We are well educated and capable of doing something useful for the society in various ways. For example, we can become a peaceful leader of our country and then we will have an opportunity to find peace for our nation as well as the world. As a peaceful leader, we are able to tackle the world’s issues such as nuclear, poverty and environmental problems. Moreover, we are able to teach our next generation how to become a good and peaceful person, tell them about the adverse effects of war, advantages of peace and how to work out the problems peacefully, how to be persistent and tolerant. Peace building starts from each individual. Respecting, understanding, helping and loving each other are a good deed to maintain peace. If we respect and understand each other, we will have no conflict. If we help and love each other, we will have more friends. What is more, religion plays a key role in bringing peace to the world. Every religion is good for people and makes us feel calm and live peacefully. No religion encourages people to kill and be in conflict with each other. . If we follow religion properly, we will be on the right track towards the peace. Race, religion, nationality, sex, and color nondiscrimination is also a key element to creating a pacific world. It is not difficult to seek and build peace because it is in the hand of people. They can make the world harmonious one, but they can also cause the world to be at war. When they become peaceful in themselves, they will become people who can live peacefully with others. Everybody expects to live a life of peace and development. All human beings in the world must think that they are in the same boat, having to promote the values of peace and prevent war from happening. . We are positively sure that our world will remain stable and at peace if all the countries across the world cooperate with one another and make strenuous effort to help pacify the world.

How does water quality affect human health?

There can be no life without water. Human beings depend heavily on water for survival. They, for example, do not eat food for several days, but cannot survive without drinking water. The use of water includes water for drinking, cooking, bathing, washing and other purposes. Today, 1.1 billion people lack access to an improved water resource and over three million people, mostly children, die annually from water-related diseases (UNICEF, 2008). Therefore, it is obvious that water quality is of crucial importance to human health. Developed countries always take heed of the consumption of clean water. Unlike developing and least developed countries, most people drink and make use of tainted and unboiled water. And some countries, especially South Africa have no access to water. Water quality refers to the basic and physical characteristics of water that determine its suitability for life or for human uses. It is perfectly clear that water quality has tremendous effects on human health both in the short term and in the long term. Short-term impacts of water quality refer to the sudden or in-day consequences of drinking and consuming water. Unsanitary water, especially contaminated and unboiled water containing a number of viruses and harmful germs can be detrimental to human health. Drinking contaminated water, in medical term, may cause water-related diseases including diarrhea, bacterial dysentery, cholera, typhoid and many other contagious illnesses. For instance, diarrhea brings about the loss of both water which leads to dehydration and, in some cases, of live. Cholera, watery disease and one of the Cambodia’s top killers can kill people in days, or even hours if they are not treated in a timely manner. There were 128 watery disease deaths between mid-November in 2009 and mid-February in 2010 thank to not using clean water (Seiff & Chhorn, February, 2010). The numbers of Cholera cases are increasing and severe, and there are 320 severely sick Cholera children, according to Children’s Hospitals Kantha Bopha (Richner, February, 2010). River, lake, pond and well water which consists of harmful substances causes people to have a diarrhea and stomachache. This always happens in the countryside or in the areas where poor people have no access to safe drinking water and are oblivious of the drawbacks of unsafe water. As far as we know, the villagers do not use and drink clean water—they especially children drink unboiled water from the well. They, as a consequence, are always vulnerable to watery diseases. In the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, diarrhea is the major cause of child mortality because approximately 45% of the total population has no access to safe water and they use water from the dug wells consisting of a higher turbidity, cloudy particles reducing the amount of oxygen in the water. (Fengthong, Desodom, Keosavanh, n.d). Furthermore, polluted or poor quality water containing disease-transmitting agents poses danger to human skin. When people use it for bathing, their skin will be itchy since bacteria or viruses contact their skin. If people do not have the itchy skin cured and continue using unclean water, the disease will be deteriorating from day to day. The skin, in the long run, will be cancerous and can put people in danger of death. Some illnesses do not appear after drinking or consuming unsafe water for several days, but those diseases lead to step-by-step damage to human organs such as liver, lung, bladder and kidney. In long time, people, from medical perspectives, will have hepatitis, emeritus and kidney problem. In some cases, the disease is a grave and incurable one which can put people’s lives in danger. What is more, some river or lake water containing acid rain, pesticide, industrial waste and microorganisms living in water can be harmful to human health. Chlorine, bacteria-disinfecting substance in water can also cause eyes and nose irritation. There is no doubt that poor quality drinking water poses a threat to human health. On the other hand, potable water benefits people a lot. Water has useful substances such as hydrogen and oxygen which lead to improved human well-being and resist any disease people are occupying. For instance, clean water can decrease the risk of kidney stone and remove toxins and wastes in human body. When people drink harmless water, there are no viruses or bacteria attacking their body. It is medically proven that people should drink at least 2-liter fresh water for their good health. As we have witnessed, people in a family who drink fresh water never come down with water-pertaining disease; on the contrary, they are in good health condition. If asked to compare the health of countryside people with the one of the capital regarding water quality using, we will see clearly that people in the capital are healthier than those in the countryside, for capital dwellers consume sanitary water and they pay attention to water quality. If people drink and consume unclean water, it is like the trees watered by acid rain. As a result, they will die out and so do people. The more fresh water people drink and the more they care about water quality, the healthier they are. As was previously mentioned, unsafe water provides people with negative impacts, especially damage to health. Unlike safe water, it is advantageous to people’s health and sustains people’s lives. Thus, people have to consume clean water in order to have good health; otherwise, people will deteriorate their health. Countryside people have to focus on this water problem. Surely that countryside people cannot afford to buy good quality water or bacteria-disinfected tool, but they should take special care to boil water for any use. Moreover, government plays an important role in increasing the access of hygienic water for people. More importantly, the government should use media to help enhance the use of clean water. Public information advertisements, for instance, are broadcast on television, radio, newspapers and educational pamphlets are distributed, and health workers descend on the infected area to teach safe sanitation methods and hygiene practices of using clean water.

‘persons’ and ‘peoples’

As a general rule, you’re absolutely right – person is used to refer to an individual, and the plural form is people. As you have said, we can also use peoples to talk about different groups within a nation or the world. For example:

The peoples of the world must unite to tackle climate change.
The peoples of India include Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs
.

However, in both these cases, it would also be correct to use the regular plural people instead of peoples, as in:

The people of the world must unite to tackle climate change.
The people of India include Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs
.

In fact, I think that the word peoples is considered slightly old-fashioned and isn’t used as much these days except in formal documents or speeches. Similarly, persons is considered to be quite formal and isn’t used often in day to day language. Here are a couple of examples of when it might be used:

We will be happy to accommodate up to four persons in each room.

This is an example of formal language that may be included in the terms and conditions of a contract or agreement, in this case to do with a hotel.

I was approached by a group of persons unknown to myself.

This is quite an old style of English and you rarely hear this spoken these days.

Interestingly, I noticed when I was working in India that the word persons was used much more regularly than in the UK and this may well be the case for other countries where English is widely spoken.

To complicate matters even further, people can also be used as a singular noun! Look at this example:

The Canadians are a people who enjoy nature and spending time outside.

This is really the only time that you would use it as a singular form though, when you are referring to the citizens of a particular state or country. So basically, both person and people can be used as singular nouns, people can be used as a plural noun and persons and peoples are also acceptable plural forms. I would say that these days, using people as a singular noun and both peoples and persons are fairly uncommon and do sound quite formal.

I hope this helps with your query and that you don’t despair too much with the complexities of the English language!

pain / ache / ill / sick / hurt

Hi Marlene. This is a good question. As a general rule, you’re absolutely right – person is used to refer to an individual, and the plural form is people. As you have said, we can also use peoples to talk about different groups within a nation or the world. For example:
The peoples of the world must unite to tackle climate change.
The peoples of India include Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs.
However, in both these cases, it would also be correct to use the regular plural people instead of peoples, as in:
The people of the world must unite to tackle climate change.
The people of India include Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs.
In fact, I think that the word peoples is considered slightly old-fashioned and isn’t used as much these days except in formal documents or speeches. Similarly, persons is considered to be quite formal and isn’t used often in day to day language. Here are a couple of examples of when it might be used:

We will be happy to accommodate up to four persons in each room.
This is an example of formal language that may be included in the terms and conditions of a contract or agreement, in this case to do with a hotel.
I was approached by a group of persons unknown to myself.
This is quite an old style of English and you rarely hear this spoken these days.

Interestingly, I noticed when I was working in India that the word persons was used much more regularly than in the UK and this may well be the case for other countries where English is widely spoken.

To complicate matters even further, people can also be used as a singular noun! Look at this example:

The Canadians are a people who enjoy nature and spending time outside.
This is really the only time that you would use it as a singular form though, when you are referring to the citizens of a particular state or country. So basically, both person and people can be used as singular nouns, people can be used as a plural noun and persons and peoples are also acceptable plural forms. I would say that these days, using people as a singular noun and both peoples and persons are fairly uncommon and do sound quite formal.

I hope this helps with your query and that you don’t despair too much with the complexities of the English language!

Reward and Award

REWARD

A reward is given for a positive thing that somebody has done well. For example, working particularly hard, meeting targets, getting a good grade on a test or exam or finding something that someone has lost. This last one is very common and in the UK it is common to see posters about missing cats or dogs or even someone’s keys or wallet which start with the word ‘REWARD’ in big letters. This encourages people to help find whatever it is that has been lost. The actual reward that is given in any of these situations can be anything from money (probably the most common thing) to a special treat like a box of chocolates. Listen to these examples:

As a reward for passing my driving test, my Dad took me to London for the weekend.

The person who finds my cat will receive £100 as a reward.

I’m so pleased with your work I’m going to reward you with two days holiday.

Note the use of the expressions to be rewarded for something and to reward someone with something.

AWARD

Similarly, an award is given for something that is done well but it tends to be more formal and is given to demonstrate to other people that the person has done something well. An award tends to be something like a certificate, or a medal or a statue.

Generally, an award is presented in front of other people while a reward is normally only exchanged between the people giving and receiving the reward. Listen to these sentences:

Louie received an award for getting outstanding results in the maths exam.

We would expect that the award was awarded in the school assembly or at a special presentation event.

Vineet was awarded a gold medal for winning the marathon.

Again, this would normally happen in front of an audience.

An award can also refer to an amount of money that someone is ordered to pay someone else, usually in a court of law. For example:

Peter received an award of £5000 as compensation for the car accident.

Note that the use of the passive is common here: someone is awarded something and that like with reward you receive an award.

I hope this makes it clearer. The main thing to bear in mind is that while both are given for something that has been done well, an award tends to be something bigger and more important than a reward, usually given in front of other people. 

REWARD

A reward is given for a positive thing that somebody has done well. For example, working particularly hard, meeting targets, getting a good grade on a test or exam or finding something that someone has lost. This last one is very common and in the UK it is common to see posters about missing cats or dogs or even someone’s keys or wallet which start with the word ‘REWARD’ in big letters. This encourages people to help find whatever it is that has been lost. The actual reward that is given in any of these situations can be anything from money (probably the most common thing) to a special treat like a box of chocolates. Listen to these examples:

As a reward for passing my driving test, my Dad took me to London for the weekend.

The person who finds my cat will receive £100 as a reward.

I’m so pleased with your work I’m going to reward you with two days holiday.

Note the use of the expressions to be rewarded for something and to reward someone with something.

AWARD

Similarly, an award is given for something that is done well but it tends to be more formal and is given to demonstrate to other people that the person has done something well. An award tends to be something like a certificate, or a medal or a statue.

Generally, an award is presented in front of other people while a reward is normally only exchanged between the people giving and receiving the reward. Listen to these sentences:

Louie received an award for getting outstanding results in the maths exam.

We would expect that the award was awarded in the school assembly or at a special presentation event.

Vineet was awarded a gold medal for winning the marathon.

Again, this would normally happen in front of an audience.

An award can also refer to an amount of money that someone is ordered to pay someone else, usually in a court of law. For example:

Peter received an award of £5000 as compensation for the car accident.

Note that the use of the passive is common here: someone is awarded something and that like with reward you receive an award.

I hope this makes it clearer. The main thing to bear in mind is that while both are given for something that has been done well, an award tends to be something bigger and more important than a reward, usually given in front of other people.

U.S. Ambassador Talks U.S.-Cambodia Relationship

 

Phnom Penh, Cambodia- the U.S. ambassador to Cambodia, Mrs. Carol A.Rodley addressed the students of the Department of Media and Communication, Royal University of Phnom Penh on the relationship between the United States and Cambodia.

She emphasized a number of important tasks which the United States have been performing in Cambodia such as counter-terrorism, human trafficking, environment, education, agriculture, health care, military cooperation and helping Cambodia to recover from the world economic downturn.

To date, the United States has done many activities in Cambodia such as providing countryside children with the access to education and health care centers.

She said the United States currently aids $5 million to Cambodian Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) to continue the process of trial of Khmer Rough Leaders.

Cambodia has also joined hand in hand with the United Nations by sending peacekeeping troop to support U.N in Sudan and Central Africa, said she.

She also awarded the students who have made video clips on the topic “What is democracy”.

To be noted that the ties between the two countries was distort in 1974 due to the detonation of the bombs in Cambodia. The United States removed Cambodia from the black list of economy last year, which allows the American investors to Cambodia.