Research and Markets: Cambodia Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare Report Q4 2010

From: http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/1270ce/cambodia_pharmaceu

Wednesday 10th , 2010

In our Q410 Pharmaceutical Business Environment Ratings, Cambodia is last of the 17 pharmaceutical markets surveyed in the Asia Pacific region, with its situation unlikely to improve in the coming months. Transparency International rates the country as the fourth most corrupt in Asia, with only Laos, Myanmar and Afghanistan faring worse. Failure to address these structural issues will bode poorly for long-term growth and development.

Additionally, Minister of Commerce Cham Prasidh said on August 24 2010 that the governments decision to introduce competition laws in Cambodia has been deferred. He said the government will wait until 2011 to consider whether to implement the legislation, although a finalised draft version has been completed. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)s member states have been given until 2015 to comply with regional guidelines on competition policy. The authors are concerned that failure to meet the deadline may deter foreign companies from expanding in Cambodia as they await the finalisation of the competition laws.

In positive news, a US$5.9bn action plan that covers the development of physical infrastructure and trade facilitation in five Mekong countries (Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand and Myanmar) was approved in August. Cham Prasidh said on August 26 that Cambodia and Laos may get the most financing support for infrastructure development when the countries start implementing the plan in October. The authors believe the plan will lead to a significant increase in trade between the Mekong countries over the coming years and speed up economic development in Cambodia.

Cambodian sanitation ranks last in region

By Ran Reuy from Phnom Penh Post

Tuesday, November, 09

Fewer people in Cambodia have access to adequate sanitation facilities than in any other Southeast Asian country, according to a new report from the Ministry of Rural Development.

Only 29 percent of Cambodians had access to sanitation facilities as of 2008, said the report released on Monday, which draws on figures from the World Health Organisation and the UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation.

By comparison, 96 percent of people in Thailand, 75 percent in Vietnam and 53 percent in Laos had access to such facilities, according to the JMP 2010 report, which was released in March.

Furthermore, 67 percent of Cambodians living in urban areas had access to sanitation facilities in 2008, compared with only 18 percent of people in rural areas.

Chea Samnang, director of the Rural Development Ministry’s Department of Rural Heath, said on Monday that the number of toilets in the Kingdom’s rural areas was increasing at about 2 percent annually.

“We see it is increasing, but it is so slow,” he said.

He said he did not believe that the lack of progress in rural areas could be attributed to poverty levels, arguing that many people who did not own a toilet, which would cost about US$20-30, owned other “modern electrical items” such as motorbikes or telephones.

They Chanto, hygiene promotion officer at the ministry’s Rural Hygiene Education Office, said a substantial number of Cambodians defecate in the open, meaning that about “3,000 fresh stools were scattered into the environment each day”.

Cambodia Holds Meeting with Neibouring Countries

By Sun Narin

November 08, 2010

According to the press release of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cambodia is going to hold the meeting of the sixth CLV, fifth CLMV and the fourth ACEMCS which are scheduled from 16 to 17 of November in Phnom Penh.

The information issued on Monday said that premier Hun Sen will be the chairman of the meeting, aiming to reexamine the improvement and set the future priority sectors of the cooperation in membership of CLV, CLMV and ACEMCS and also to frame of the progressive cooperation for the prosperous and sustainable development in the region.

CLV represents Cambodia, Lao and Vietnam. CLMV includes Cambodia, Lao, Myanmar and Vietnam. ACEMCS meeting will be joined by Cambodia Lao Thailand, Myanmar and Vietnam.

Lakeside Villager’s Homes Inundated and Threatens Gunpoint

Sun Narin and Chhay Channyda

November 08,2010

Development Company at Boeung Kak lakeside has postponed the sand pumping while nearly a hundred people opposed them at the site on Friday when they threatened to gun down the protesters.

Ty Pisey, the resident at Village 1, said on Sunday that the company put off pumping the sand since Friday, allowing people for prepare the material and property for three days, adding that they may continue pumping on Monday.

“I am not sure when they will start pumping again. The deputy district governor asked us to meet the company and municipality. We went to ask them but they always turned us to talk this and that people again and again, adding that she did not know what to do.

According to local Adhoc’s report issued on November 5, roughly 40 houses in Boeung Kak lakeside have been sunk by the sand pumping of a local firm Shukaku Inc in three-day period and people were threatened to gun down if they hinder the company activity.

A 24-year-old resident You Ro was banned by the company guards from cutting down the coconut trees in his 24 by 60 meter house surrounding on Friday while his house and mushroom farm was pumped on. He said that he told them not to fall down his trees but they did not listen and they drove tractor and was about to gun him, but there was intervention from their friends.

“They said that they would fire several who banned the activity. This was much more barbarous than Pol Pot, not giving time to people to gather their property. The government development project makes people unhappy only tear and robbery,” he said.

The Adhoc’s report investigating from November 3 to 5 says that since the lake development, approximately other 100 resident’s houses have been sinking and the government has not taken actions to prevent the problem to date. “Even the area is in front of the Councils of Ministers and premier cabinet and the government does not take a move,” Adhoc says.

According to Adhoc’s report, there are more than 2000 families remaining which will be faced the inappropriate compensation from the company, but their houses will be submerged accordingly. Shukaku Inc headed by Cambodian People’s Party Senator Lao Meng Khin has had 99 year development project on 133-hectare housing from the government since 2007.

The residents have three choices for compensation. First is to get the new house at new location, second is to get 8000 dollars and 2 million riels and third is to get the development at the site. People said that all the choices do not satisfy people since it is too low and the new location is too far. Daun Penh deputy district governor Sok Penh Vuth did not respond to the people’s insult on the government and cruel authority force. He just said that he is the lower class just get the order, adding that it is better if they put the proposal to the Phnom Penh municipality.

“This authority level is not able to solve the problem for them since the company has rights to invest. It is normal that the development always affect people, please receive the compensation,” he said.

He also accused that the gathering and protest of people last Friday was in anarchy and public disorder.

Phnom Penh Deputy Governor Nuon Sameth could not be reached for comment on Sunday.

China Strengthens More Relations with Cambodia

PHNOM PENH, Nov. 4 (Xinhua) — China and Cambodia on Thursday underscored their commitment to developing their all-round cooperative partnership.

The pledge came out of the hour-long talks between top Chinese legislator Wu Bangguo and President of Cambodian National Assembly Heng Samrin in Phnom Penh Thursday morning.

Heng Samrin first extended a warm welcome to Wu, chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC) of China, the country’s top legislature.

Heng Samrin hailed Wu’s four-day visit to Cambodia as important and far-reaching for bilateral all-round cooperative partnership.

Wu said China-Cambodia relationship had withstood the test of changes in international arena and taken on vigor and vitality since the two countries forged diplomatic ties in 1958.

We characterized China-Cambodia relationship as a paradigm of how countries can sincerely work together, citing strong political trust, rapidly-growing economic cooperation, increasing exchanges in all fields and close coordination on international issues.

Looking to the future, Wu proposed the two countries maintain exchanges between high-ranking officials, deepen political trust and consolidate traditional friendship.

He called for the two countries to step up trade and economic cooperation and seek joint development on the principle of equality and mutual benefit.

Wu said China encouraged its businesses to work more closely with Cambodian companies, play their part in Cambodian infrastructure construction, agricultural development and economic development zones.

He appealed for both sides to explore new ways of cooperation and provide quality services in a bid to bring trade and economic ties to a new high.

On the international front, Wu urged the two countries to step up coordination and cooperation on international and regional issues, promote the relations between China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), work more closely in combating cross-border crimes and terrorism.

Wu and Heng highlighted the stronger cooperation between the NPC and Cambodian National Assembly.

Wu proposed more exchanges among legislative leaders, specialized commissions and working bodies of both legislatures on state administration, legislation and supervision.

Heng Samrin agreed with Wu’s proposal, saying Cambodian National Assembly would keep close exchanges with the NPC at all levels and make positive contribution to bilateral relations.

Heng said Cambodia would adhere to the one-China policy and support China’s peaceful reunification.

Later Thursday morning, Wu also met with Cambodian Senate President Chea Sim on bilateral relations.

During his stay in Cambodia, Wu will also call on Cambodian King Norodom Sihamoni and meet with Prime Minister Hun Sen. A package of deals on China-Cambodia economic cooperation will be signed during Wu’s visit.

Cambodia is the first leg of Wu’s three-nation visit to Southeast Asia, which will also take him to Indonesia and Thailand.

China Strengthens More Relations with Cambodia

VPHNOM PENH, Nov. 4 (Xinhua) — China and Cambodia on Thursday underscored their commitment to developing their all-round cooperative partnership. The pledge came out of the hour-long talks between top Chinese legislator Wu Bangguo and President of Cambodian National Assembly Heng Samrin in Phnom Penh Thursday morning. Heng Samrin first extended a warm welcome to Wu, chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC) of China, the country’s top legislature. Heng Samrin hailed Wu’s four-day visit to Cambodia as important and far-reaching for bilateral all-round cooperative partnership. Wu said China-Cambodia relationship had withstood the test of changes in international arena and taken on vigor and vitality since the two countries forged diplomatic ties in 1958. We characterized China-Cambodia relationship as a paradigm of how countries can sincerely work together, citing strong political trust, rapidly-growing economic cooperation, increasing exchanges in all fields and close coordination on international issues. Looking to the future, Wu proposed the two countries maintain exchanges between high-ranking officials, deepen political trust and consolidate traditional friendship. He called for the two countries to step up trade and economic cooperation and seek joint development on the principle of equality and mutual benefit. Wu said China encouraged its businesses to work more closely with Cambodian companies, play their part in Cambodian infrastructure construction, agricultural development and economic development zones. He appealed for both sides to explore new ways of cooperation and provide quality services in a bid to bring trade and economic ties to a new high. On the international front, Wu urged the two countries to step up coordination and cooperation on international and regional issues, promote the relations between China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), work more closely in combating cross-border crimes and terrorism. Wu and Heng highlighted the stronger cooperation between the NPC and Cambodian National Assembly. Wu proposed more exchanges among legislative leaders, specialized commissions and working bodies of both legislatures on state administration, legislation and supervision. Heng Samrin agreed with Wu’s proposal, saying Cambodian National Assembly would keep close exchanges with the NPC at all levels and make positive contribution to bilateral relations. Heng said Cambodia would adhere to the one-China policy and support China’s peaceful reunification. Later Thursday morning, Wu also met with Cambodian Senate President Chea Sim on bilateral relations. During his stay in Cambodia, Wu will also call on Cambodian King Norodom Sihamoni and meet with Prime Minister Hun Sen. A package of deals on China-Cambodia economic cooperation will be signed during Wu’s visit. Cambodia is the first leg of Wu’s three-nation visit to Southeast Asia, which will also take him to Indonesia and Thailand.