By Khut Vanne
“….help them learn better because they have enough time to concentrate or pay attention on a few subjects…,” said Khut Vanne.
A CREDIT system is a systematic way of describing an educational program by attaching credits to its components. The definition of credits in higher education systems may be based on different parameters, such as student workload, learning outcomes and contact hours. (http://www.upjs.sk/en/university/education/credit-system/) Credit system is most preferred by the USA, European Union as well as other developed countries like Australia, Canada, France, Singapore, and so on.
There are many advantages of credit system in Education system. For one thing, the university which adopts such a system allows their students to choose subjects they want to do first. Hence, students feel free to learn; they have much more freedom in deciding on which subject they wish to do first and next. Some students take a few subjects per term so they have lots of free time to pre read or review the lessons. Fewer subjects mean less pressure as well as workloads. This can help them learn better because they have enough time to concentrate or pay attention on a few subjects, unlike normal education system, it is compulsory for students to learn many subjects in the same semester.
One more thing is that they can take free time to do part time job if they wish. Second, they can suspend the unwanted or difficult subjects and learn them later. This allows them to be well-prepared and ready to start these subjects later after finishing the others, while in normal education system, you are not allowed to suspend any subjects, if you wish to do so, you have to suspend for one semester or one year. This really takes time. What is more, those who achieve very satisfactory or high GPA are allowed to add the other subjects in the same term. Doing this, you, sometimes, even complete the course earlier than usual curriculum.
Another advantage comes to the duration of study. Unlike normal education system: under no circumstances can students take more than 6 years to complete the Bachelor’s degree otherwise you will not reward the certificate, the credit system does not limit the duration or length of study, which means you can still continue to do your course, regardless of duration, as long as you fulfill all the credits required by the university. Therefore, it is advantageous compared to normal education system. In addition, credit System University enables you to enroll more than once a year while it is different from normal education system-there is registration or enrollment once annually. One more advantage is that not only can you study with the same year level peers but also with the others from different year level-year 1, 2, 3 or 4 altogether. This really helps you in sharing experiences, knowledge with many people who possess variety of education backgrounds through communicating, discussing in the class or group work and so forth. Besides, it is really helpful for those who do not satisfy with their results; they can retake the subjects and exams to achieve the results they want while another system cannot help you with this – if the result is less satisfactory, you cannot do anything to amend it but to accept it. Plus, credit system plays a vital role to help those who are busy or cannot catch up with the lessons well have more time to pre read, review or prepare for the subjects they have chosen to learn.
On the minus side, in credit system, you are still required to take the foundation subject prior to commencing the main one in next term or semester. For example, to study Macro economics, it is compulsory for you to preliminarily take Micro economics. If you fail to take it, you are not allowed to learn Macro economics in the next term. To illustrate, my boss at my work place used to share his education background to colleagues. At the very first time he went to study in Australia, he did not know much about its education system as he had studied in Cambodia with normal education system. Upon arriving and learning there, he couldn’t catch up with some lessons; as a result of which, he wanted to suspend some subjects. As Micro economics and Statistics in semester 1 were both difficult, he decided to choose one of them to suspend; that was Microeconomics.
However, he was not allowed to do Macroeconomics in semester 2 since he had not studied Micro economics in semester1. So this is the problem if you fail to recognize which subject is the foundation of which subject. Moreover, following credit system can also be deemed to be a waste of time. This is because it enables students to learn irrespective of duration and too much freedom on completing their course. It is ok for some students who cannot catch up with the lessons or busy doing another work; however, some lazy students will also use the same reasons as their pretexts for subject suspension. This is also a part which makes them not committed to study as they think they have choices to complete their courses while normal education system poses a strict regulation for students to conform especially on the duration of course completion.
Overall, in my point of view, the pros of credit system outweigh the cons. Therefore, I suggest that universities should adopt such a system for education system so that we all will get advantages from it as well as the improvement of education system.