Intrigue in ruling CPP detailed

By Phnom Penh Post on Wednesday, 13, July, 2011

DIPLOMATIC cables made public by WikiLeaks yesterday reveal simmering tensions within the ruling Cambodian People’s Party and revive long-standing suspicions over alleged government involvement in some of the Kingdom’s most notorious political killings.

The cables repeatedly allude to alleged factionalism in the CPP, long denied by government officials, between camps allied with Prime Minister Hun Sen and with Interior Minister Sar Kheng and Senate president Chea Sim.

In a 1994 cable, Hun Sen reportedly says the faction rumours, which began circulating in the mid-1980s, “were not true then, nor are they true now”.

Later communiqués, however, reveal potential fissures in the party.

Regarding an alleged coup attempt in 1994 headed by cabinet members Norodom Chakrapong and Sin Song, Foreign Minister Hor Namhong is said to reveal in a 1995 cable that Chea Sim “asked Namhong quietly late last summer to request Hun Sen not to pursue penalties for the coup plotters, a message Hor Namhong did not deliver”.

Hun Sen showed “a near-obsession with his personal security” in the year that followed, according to a 1995 cable, which also notes that the premier had reportedly ordered Funcinpec co-Interior Minister You Hockry, rather than the CPP’s Sar Kheng, to head an investigation into alleged death threats against him.

A March, 2006 cable quotes a senior Funcinpec official as saying that Hun Sen received assistance from current Funcinpec deputy prime minister Nhek Bun Chhay in pushing back the 1994 coup attempt.

The official also reportedly claims that Hun Sen began interfering more aggressively in Funcinpec affairs and allowed previously exiled opposition leader Sam Rainsy to return to Cambodia in response to a rumour “that FUNCINPEC and the SRP planned to join forces with the Chea Sim/Sar Kheng faction of the CPP to oppose Hun Sen”.

Despite these suspicions, in early 2006 the premier  reportedly offered Sam Rainsy a post as deputy prime minister, “possibly with broad authority over various ministries”, according to a Sam Rainsy Party source.

“Rainsy reportedly declined, telling the PM that such a move would be ‘political suicide’ for an opposition leader,” according to the source.

“Instead, he suggested that Hun Sen appoint him to lead the anti-corruption commiss-ion that is to be established under pending legislation.”

Even up to 2009, Hun Sen may have been concerned about the Chea Sim faction, one cable alleges, speculating that that year’s crackdown on political speech was motivated in part by Hun Sen’s need to appease the “conservative faction” of Chea Sim and National Assembly president Heng Samrin within the ruling party.

The cable laments the suppression of freedom of expression that came that year, putting it down in part to a pattern of post-election crackdowns.

“There is genuine fear among Cambodia’s ruling party about the increasing joblessness among a large, youthful population and increased criminal activity because of the lack of other opportunities,” US ambassador Carol Rodley added.

“We need to understand, and be responsive to, Cambodia’s new reality, to listen intently to what the leadership is worrying about and to show that we have a relationship of trust.”

The 2006 arrest of former Phnom Penh municipal police chief Heng Pov, sentenced in 2009 to more than 90 years in prison on a raft of charges including extortion, kidnapping and murder, exposed further rifts in the ruling party, the cables allege.

American diplomats put Heng Pov’s downfall down in part to his rivalry with former National Police chief Hok Lundy.

Heng Pov fled the country that year and eluded capture for several months in Singapore, during which time he publicly accused senior government officials of drug trafficking, planning the deadly 1997 grenade attack on a Sam Rainsy Party rally and ordering the infamous 1999 killing of singer Piseth Pilika.

A 2006 American cable, however, noted that these claims “elicited little more than a shrug; sources claim that Pov’s accusations reflect what most people already considered common knowledge”.

Hun Sen, the cable adds, was reportedly furious with Hok Lundy for allowing Heng Pov to temporarily escape the Kingdom ahead of his capture in December, 2006.

“No matter how one examines this issue, Cambodia’s government still looks bad when its top police officials are launching serious accusations and counter-charges against one another that go back more than a decade,” the cable states.

“At the very least, the [government] looks bad for having such an incompetent and unprofessional police force – and not doing anything about it over these many years.”

The cables also address the notorious 2004 killing of Free Trade Union leader Chea Vichea, which was followed by the killings of two more FTU activists in subsequent years and remains unsolved to this day.

“Two years after his murder, many questions continue to surround the death of Chea Vichea,” a 2006 cable states, adding that while most rights groups agree that the men initially convicted of the crime were framed, the government “is unwilling to reopen a highly emotional case . . . that could become politically volatile”.

Later on, the February, 2007 killing of Free Trade Union leader Hy Vuthy and the shooting of popular singer Pov Panhapich served as “a chilling reminder of past violent crimes that remain unsolved to this day”, a cable from that year states.

Hy Vuthy’s killing, the cable says, “follows the familiar pattern of gunmen on the backs of motorcycles shooting their victims with little fear of capture”.

“FTU president Chea Mony accused a rival union of responsibility, but there is no evidence linking anyone to the crime,” the cable states, calling this and other unsolved killings “a silent reminder of Cambodia’s continuing culture of impunity”.

The attack on Pov Pan-hapich, then-US ambassador Joseph Mussomeli writes, follows assaults on other popular singers including Piseth Pilika in 1999, Touch Srey Nich in 2003 and Tat Marina in 2000.

“Rumors suggest that the entertainer was romantically linked to a high-level government official, and National Police Commissioner Hok Lundy has been named as a possible love interest,” the cable says of the Pov Panhapich attack, adding that it “may indeed involve a ranking [government] official”.

“An adviser in the PM’s cabinet told us Friday morning about the shooting, noting that he had been directly called upon … to facilitate the medical evacuation of the injured entertainer to Vietnam,” Mussomeli notes.

Amid all this, there are nonetheless suggestions that Hun Sen feels some need to act against the Kingdom’s endemic corruption and culture of impunity, but is hamstrung by political realities.

In an April, 2006 cable recounting a US meeting with Sam Rainsy, the opposition leader reportedly said he “believes Hun Sen realises the situation requires action, but does not understand how to tackle corruption without upsetting the very structure that keeps the PM in power”.

Cinematic ties between Cambodia and India

(The Golden Age of Cambodian cinema was greatly inspired by Indian films, writes Sun Narin)

In retrospect, Cambodia and India share a strong relationship in terms of culture, religion and language. India’s influence is not invisible in the Hindu-style temples of Angkor Wat or the Khmer script, which is derived from Sanskrit and Pali. The first Indians (if only modern times are considered) settled in Cambodia in the 1960s and 70s, mostly working as jewelers and moneylenders. They, however, left the country during Khmer Rouge regime (1975 to 1979), which claimed more than 1.7 million lives and ruined the country.

Another strong tie comes in the form of Indian movies that has had a strong influence on the Golden Age of Khmer Cinema (1960 and 1975).

Cinema in Cambodia can be traced back to the 1950s. Back then the Cambodian film developed quickly and the movies were well appreciated. Also in the 1950s, Cambodia’s former king, Norodom Sihanouk, made a number of short films that were not meant for public viewing. He sent a number of people, including Roeum Sophon and Ieu Pannakar, to France to study films. These foreign-trained filmmakers, however, did not contribute much to the development of Cambodia’s film industry and mostly worked on the projects that the King was making. It was the self-taught directors who shaped Cambodia’s film industry. The glory of Cambodian cinema got showcased in the cosmopolitan and multicultural Phnom Penh. Also screened were movies from across the world, including Bollywood productions.

The relatively limited experience of young directors of Cambodia, made them look to Indian cinema. Some of them, in fact, ended up making reproductions of Indian films. The result: Films like Sovannahong and Abul Kasem, which were produced in the 1960s and 70s by Yvon Hem. He even acknowledged the influence of Indian movies during an exhibition ~ Golden Reawakening in Phnom Penh ~ in October 2009. Films from the Golden Age were based on Khmer folklore. And Sovannahong is a reminder of a typical Bollywood movie from that period.

Though cinema was a popular medium in the 1960s, it included titles from all over the world. Before and after the collapse of Democratic Kampuchea regime, which destroyed the movie industry, Indian movies enjoyed a good following.

Siang Sineng, who often visited movie theatres, said in an article that appeared in Kon magazine (produced by a group of young journalism student in Phnom Penh in 2010), “In 1985-86, there was no Cambodian films and she could watch only Indian and a few Chinese and Vietnamese films.”

The same magazine reported Preap Van, a Cambodian driver, saying, “Most Cambodians preferred Khmer movie to foreign titles from France and India because they enjoyed the beauty of the actors and actresses as well as their performance.”

During a short period (1960 to 1975), Cambodia produced 400-odd films. There were a lot of famous and well-known filmmakers and movie stars. Films produced during that era are still remembered. Sadly, only 30-odd of those films remain in circulation.

These days Korean and Chinese movies are screened on Cambodian televisions and only a few Indian movies find air space during weekends. Cambodians, however, appreciate Indian films, and the performance turned in by a beautiful set of actors.

Study or Business?

By Sun Narin

It is a dilemma for youths to make decision whether to go on with their study or to stop to do business for the rest of their life with the particular reasons urging them to do so after graduating from high school or university. A Pursat provincial girl, Lim Phohuy, 23 years old, who stopped studying four years ago in order to do business with her mother as the cosmetic seller, said that she did not want to stop studying after finishing grade 12 because she wanted to pursue higher education so that she could learn more. “My mother said I should stop studying to help her because now she is old and she could not do it alone,” she said. “I have to help her because I am the only girl in the family.” adding that she found business good for her since she could earn a lot of money, though it is a hard work.

However, In Samrithy, the Executive Director of NGO Education Partnership, value both education and doing business, explaining that the concept of education does not mean that after graduation, they have to go to work for the state or NGOs, but it means that they study and they can find and generate job by themselves.

“It is the success of the education that they can go to help their parents do business,” he said, adding that Cambodia’s mindset is not right that graduate students should work in the office only, not doing business. “It not the problem if they study in the level that they know how to manage their business, but if they want to do bigger business, they have to have more education,” he said. He added that the job market that the government and institution provides is still narrow, so it is beneficial that parents make business for children.

A Bachelor graduate from Information Technology who graduated in 2008 and then has gone to hometown to do business said to be unnamed that he there are a lot of work that he has to help the family. “The work is prepared for me by my parents. Working sometimes cannot find more money than doing business,” adding he used to work for a year, but he found it that it is a hard job for him, so he stopped working and going to his hometown to create one business by himself with the support of his parents. As observed that most of the students who stop studying and start doing business are females.

Nom Bophary, director of the Department of Women and Education at the Ministry of Women’s Affairs, explained that this is the mindset of the family and society that devalues the education of female children since they can be dependent on the husband’s economy in the future. “Some parents think that marriage and doing business for daughters are better than further education that children will go away from them and they can have boyfriend,” she said. “Girl children are easy to earn money for family comparing to boys. Therefore, they keep daughters at home at the same time they have job for children to pass on.” However, some students stop studying and then do business because they don’t have more money to continue their study, so there is only one choice is to find job or to do business. It is the challenging for those who are from the poor family to try to study for their future. However, the youths from the rich family do not care much about knowledge since they can have business to do though they do not have job from their study. The ministry of education has the strategic plan for the education for all at least students can finish grade 9 by 2015.

Ou Eng, secretary-general of education at the Ministry of Education, said that it is the decision of the parents who support children to stop them from studying and let them do business. However, he suggested that the parents should provide them with higher education so that they will have enough knowledge to do business and contribute to helping develop the country.

ដោយ ស៊ុន ណារិន

 

វាជាការពិបាកមួយសម្រាប់យុវជនក្នុងការសម្រេចចិត្តថា តើពួកគេនឹងបន្តការសិក្សា ឬក៍ប្រកបមុខ

របរជាលក្ខណៈជំនួញសម្រាប់ជីវិតរបស់ពួកគេទៅអនាគត ដោយហេតុផលមួយចំនួន បន្ទាប់ពីពួក

គេបញ្ចប់ការសិក្សានៅវិទ្យាល័យ ឬមហាវិទ្យាល័យ។

អាយុ២៣ឆ្នាំ កញ្ញា លឹម ផូហ៊ុយ បានឈប់រៀនប្រហែលជា៤ឆ្នាំមកហើយ ដើម្បីជួយលក់គ្រឿង

សំអាង និងក្រអូបជាមួយម្តាយរបស់កញ្ញានៅខេត្តពោធិ៍សាត់។ កញ្ញាមានប្រសាសន៍ថា កញ្ញាមិន

ចង់ឈប់រៀនទេ បន្ទាប់ពីបញ្ចប់ថ្នាក់ទី១២ ពីព្រោះកញ្ញាចង់បន្តការសិក្សានៅថ្នាក់ឧត្តមសិក្សា។

កញ្ញាបានបញ្ជាក់ថាៈ«ម្តាយរបស់ខ្ញុំនិយាយថា ខ្ញុំគួរតែឈប់ដើម្បីជួយគាត់ ពីព្រោះគាត់ឥឡូវក៏

ចាស់ និងមិនអាចលក់តែឯងបានទេ។ ខ្ញុំត្រូវតែជួយគាត់ពីព្រោះខ្ញុំជាកូនស្រីតែមួយនៅក្នុងគ្រួសារ»

។ កញ្ញាបានបញ្ជាក់ថា ទោះបីជាការរកស៊ីហត់បន្តិច និងគ្មានពេលសម្រាក តែកញ្ញាអាចរកលុយ

បានច្រើន។

អ្នកខ្លះ និងម្តាយមួយចំនួនយល់ថា សិស្សមិនអាចរកលុយបានច្រើនទេ ពេលចេញទៅធ្វើការ បើ

ប្រៀបធៀបនឹងការរកស៊ី។ ឪពុកម្តាយក្នុងគ្រួសារអ្នកមានខ្លះ ជាពិសេសអ្នកប្រកបជំនួញមិនសូវ

អោយតម្លៃទៅលើការសិក្សាប៉ុន្មានទេ។ ពួកគេតែងតែចង់អោយកូនទៅស្នងរបរ ឬជំនួញរបស់ពួក

គេនៅថ្ងៃអនាគត។ មិនតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ សិស្សមកពីគ្រួសារអ្នកមានមួយចំនួន មិនសូវជារៀនពួកែ

ដូច្នេះការរកស៊ីជាជម្រើសដ៏ល្អបំផុតសម្រាប់គេ។

 

ទោះបីជាយ៉ាងណាក៏ដោយ លោកអិន សំរិទ្ធី ជានាយកប្រតិបត្តិដៃគូអប់រំNGO បានអោយតម្លៃទៅ

លើចំនុចទាំងពីរ គឺការសិក្សា និងការរកស៊ី ដោយលោកបានពន្យល់ថា គំនិតនៃការការអបរំមិន

មានន័យថា បន្ទាប់ពីការបញ្ចប់ការសិក្សា ពួកគេត្រូវតែទៅធ្វើការអោយរដ្ឋ ឬក៍អង្គការនោះទេ តែវា

មានន័យថា ពួកគេរៀន និងអាចរក និងបង្កើតការងារបានដោយខ្លួនឯង។

លោកបានមានប្រសាសន៍ថាៈ«វាជាជោគជ័យនៃការអប់រំហើយដែលពួកគេអាចទៅជួយឪពុកម្តាយក្នុងការរកស៊ីបន្ទាប់ពីការសិក្សា»។​ លោកបានបន្ថែមថា ផ្នត់គំនិតខ្មែរមិនត្រឹមត្រូវទេ ដែលពួកគាត់

យល់ថា សិស្សដែលបញ្ចប់ការសិក្សាគូរតែធ្វើការនៅក្នុងការិយាល័យ មិនមែនធ្វើការរកស៊ីទេ។

លោកបញ្ជាក់ថាៈ«វាអូខេហើយ ប្រសិនបើពួកគាត់មានចំនេះដឹងគ្រប់គ្រាន់ពីរបៀបនៃការរកស៊ី ប៉ុន្តែប្រសិនបើគាត់ចង់ធ្វើជំនួញធំជាងនេះ គាត់ត្រូវតែមានចំនេះដឹងបន្ថែម»។ លោកបានបន្ថែមថា

ទីផ្សារការងារដែលរដ្ឋាភិបាល​ និងស្ថាប័នមួយចំនួនផ្តល់អោយមានភាពចង្អៀតនៅឡើយទេ ដូច្នេះ

វាជាការល្អហើយដែលឳពុកម្តាយបានបង្កើតមុខរបរអោយកូន។

អាយុ ២៨ឆ្នាំ ដែលបានបញ្ចប់ការសិក្សាថ្នាក់បរិញ្ញាបត្រផ្នែកអាយធី នៅឆ្នាំ២០០៨ លោកបាន

និយាយសុំមិនអោយបញ្ចេញឈ្មោះថា  លោកបានត្រលប់ទៅរកស៊ីវិញ ដោយសារតែលោកមាន

កិច្ចការរកស៊ីជាច្រើនដែលត្រូវជួយនៅក្នុងគ្រួសារ។

លោកមានប្រសាសន៍ថាៈ«ការងារត្រូវបានរៀបចំដោយឪពុកម្តាយរបស់ខ្ញុំ។ ធ្វើការពេលខ្លះមិនអាច

រកលុយបានច្រើនជាងការរកស៊ី»។

ភាគច្រើនសិស្សដែលឈប់រៀន ហើយទៅរកស៊ី គឺជានារី។  អ្នកស្រីនុំ បូផារី ប្រធាននាយកដ្ឋានស្រ្តី និងការអប់រំបានអោយដឹងថា វាជាផ្នត់គំនិតរបស់គ្រួសារ ឬក៍ជាផ្នត់គំនិតសង្គមដែលគិតថាកូនស្រី

រៀនមិនបានប្រយោជន៍អ្វី ហើយនៅពេលមានប្តីអាចផ្អែកទៅលើសេដ្ឋកិច្ចរបស់ប្តី។

អ្នកស្រីបានមានប្រសាសន៍ថាៈ«ម៉ែឪខ្លះគិតថារៀបការឬក៏រកស៊ីទៅប្រសើរជាងអោយកូនទៅរៀនឆ្ងាយនៅទីក្រុងដើម្បីបន្តការសិក្សាថ្នាក់មហាវិទ្យាល័យ។ពួកគេមានផ្នត់គំនិតថា កាលណាកូនស្រី ទៅរៀនឆ្ងាយ វាអាចប៉ះពាល់ប្រពៃណី ដូចជាការមានសង្សារជាដើម»។​ ហើយមួយទៀតលោកស្រី

បានបញ្ជាក់ថាៈ«កូនស្រីងាយស្រូលរកប្រាក់ចំនូលជាងកូនប្រុសនៅក្នុងគ្រួសារ ដូច្នេះគាត់ជុំរុញ

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ទោះបីជាយ៉ាងណាក៏ដោយ សិស្សមួយចំនួនបានឈប់រៀន ហើយទៅប្រកបរបររកស៊ីពីព្រោះពួក

គាត់មិនមានលុយគ្រប់គ្រាន់ដើម្បីបន្តការសិក្សា ដូច្នេះមានតែជម្រើសមួយទេគឺស្វែងរកការងារ ឬ

ក៏ប្រកបរបររកស៊ី។ សម្រាប់អ្នកមកពីគ្រួសារក្រ ព្យាយាមសិក្សាដើម្បីធ្វើការនៅថ្ងៃអនាគត រីឯ

អ្នកមកពីគ្រួសារអ្នកមានខ្លះ មិនសូវខ្វល់ពីការសិក្សាទេ ពីព្រោះពួកគេអាចមានជំនួញរកស៊ីដែល

ឪពុកម្តាយរបស់គេបានរៀបចំអោយ។

 

ក្រសួងអប់រំ យុវជន និងកីឡា មានផែនការយុទ្ធសាស្រ្ត គឺគោលនយោបាយអបរំទាំងអស់គ្នា

អោយរៀនបានថ្នាក់ទី៩ នៅឆ្នាំ ២០១៥។

លោកអ៊ូ អេង ជាអគ្គនាយកនៃអគ្គនាយកដ្ឋានអប់រំនៃក្រសួងអប់រំបានមានប្រសាសន៍ថាក្រសួង

ចង់អោយប្រជាជនមានការអបរំអោយបានច្រើន និងខ្ពង់ខ្ពស់ដើម្បីជួយកសាងសេដ្ឋកិច្ច និងជួយ

សង្គម តែវាជាការសម្រេចចិត្តរបស់ឪពុកម្តាយរបស់គេដែលអោយកូនទៅរកស៊ី។ ប៉ុន្តែលោកបានសំនូមពរដល់ឪពុកម្តាយ អោយកូនរៀនសូត្រអោយបានរៀនសូត្រដល់ថ្នាក់ឧត្តម

សិក្សាប្រសិនបើអាច ដើម្បីអោយពួកគេមានភាពងាយស្រួលក្នុងការរកស៊ី និងអាចជួយអភិវឌ្ឍ

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