Social Media

By Sun Narin,

Consultation from Video of New Frontier New Barrier by DMC students…..

From day to day, technology relentlessly develops with the update of new devices for people to connect to the whole world through Internet with computers and modern mobile cell phones. With this availability and importance of Internet in the world, a part of our busy and modern life today, technology plays a key role in human communication around the globe.

Twitter, My Space, Hi 5, Facebook and blog are social networking, which are created to serve the communication purpose over the Internet. Created in 2004 by an American student, Mark Zukerberg, especially Facebook has gained tremendous popularity. Statistics at show that there are 660 million world users, more than twice the US population. Facebook is not only used for social networking, but also used as a tool in political movements in the pursuit of public support and freedom.

Prominently in some countries, of the Middle East, such as Egypt and Tunisia, their citizens recently organized revolts against the government in the past several months. These tools are now used to spread the information and opinions of the people. They are considered as the tools to share the information very quickly to the large number of the people. Not only people who are not professional in the media use it, but also most of the traditional journalists in this modern age around the world are using those tools to receive information from the people and send it to the public.

Facebook and other social networking users just post on their wall about something bad happens or something that they want criticize and then the journalists take those ideas to make it as the news to the public. Therefore, now both people and journalists are very convenient and quick to get and share news through these social networking. Also, through this social media, journalists are able to get a lot of ideas or facts from the people, so they can analyze information or write it more accurately and reliably for the people because they are the professional traditional journalists. This can help the journalist who has a valuable role as mediator, analyzer, finder and verifier of stories. In Cambodia, as the instance, some people are suing Facebook to entertain by chatting and sharing what they have met in their daily life. They also spread news and express opinion freely on social issues. For example, Facebook users share information about the stampede on Koh Pich during 2010 Water Festival as well as about the Cambodia-Thailand border dispute-visible for friends and other users as postings on their personal page, called the “wall”. A journalism student in Cambodia says that, “when I access the Internet, I always log into my Facebook account. I looked at my wall as well as my friends’ if there is anything new updated. I mostly know about hot news via Facebook.”

In addition, I think this social networking also makes journalists more hard work and be careful on their work because now the public can also get the news. For example, they have to be careful with the number, and context of information in the news. Due to the fact that everyone can become a journalist, traditional journalists try to find something deeper of which people are not aware. Traditional journalists will always be needed to make sense of large amounts of information, something which citizen journalists might not be able to do.

These tools make people become the citizen journalists who aren’t trained journalists, but they write or report about their experiences or use social media, like Facebook or Twitter, to broadcast their messages. When people all over the world can access information on the internet, and use the same tools to publish information themselves, which is called massive democratization. Thus, everybody these days can be a publisher. They can create the context of news by themselves. Can citizen journalists replace the traditional journalists? I think it can be in the case that citizen journalists are reliable and their writing piece is journalistic style. Peter Barron, the Director of External Relations at Google believes that the best quality blogs will become as trusted as media companies – media brands – which already have a good reputation.

However, I agree that more or less it will contribute to helping traditional journalists to work on their piece. The modern media have challenged the traditional media largely. Reading news online is now very populous. In Cambodia, according to annual report of the Ministry of Information, online newsreaders have increased double compared to newspaper readers. This is because people use Internet both at home and at their workplace, even on mobile phones. In addition, some people create blog to write and express ideas concerning other social issues, so do the journalists, creating blog to publish their articles. As the example of Cambodia, youths who are aware of blog, create it to write something that they do not like about the government as the constructive ideas.

As myself, I have my own blog,, I use to publish my work to the people to read and to express the ideas on the social issues that I want to be critical of. But, people who use this social media as the tool to write and share news are not the expert and do not know what the journalism is, so they may just write without news writing styles, without interviewing, or even do not know how to be ethical and professional in journalistic work. Due to this popularity and the easiness of sharing news and ideas on this social networking, some countries restrict on the use of this social networking since the government is afraid of being criticized by the people or people use this social networking against the government. China and Vietnam, as the communist countries, block Facebook from their citizens. As I noticed, in India, it is not open to use this kind of social networking namely Facebook because this social networking can inflict violence in the society. Today, these tools have become the concerns for the government. Therefore, some countries block these sites such as the blockage of Facebook in China and Vietnam. Even blogs are blocked by the government due to the harsh criticism on the government. In Cambodia, there are also blogs like Ki Media that are openly critical of the government. Recently a number of online newsreaders found that they could not access Ki Media because the government blocks this website.

Due to that fact that this has become the concerned issue for the government, some government is planning to forge the censorship over the news. In conclusion, those social media help people share the information and also help journalism as aforementioned. More than this it helps a lot in improving the democracy in the country. If one country says it is the democratic country, it should be free and open to those social networking for the people. We should remember that people have right to access information, share the information and the right to express their opinion. The question remains that how people use their liberties to develop their country.

Cambodian Young Journalists Join China

By Sun Narin

Photo by Sun Narin

Sino-ASEAN relations have been remarkably progressive in every sphere, specifically on economic, politics, language and culture. Cambodia has been under Chinese influence, leading the nation to adhere to one-China policy and this communist nation has become the top list of the investors in Cambodia.

Chinese language has been attractive to the attention of young generation as the same of the mushrooming of Chinese schools in Cambodia. In addition, China has been focusing on young journalists and youths from Cambodia.

Eight young Cambodian youths working related to media are going to China on November 3rd to join China-ASEAN Youth Camp. Two LIFT reporters will attend the workshop too. Nearly a hundred youths from ASEAN will gather together and learn from each other.

Nou Maneth Athana, news presenter from Cambodian Television Network (CTN), who is going to join the camp, says that, “I expect to learn more about China in ASEAN’s context in addition to the knowledge that China is the strategic friend of Cambodia.

She adds that she can share her experience with youths from ASEAN and will learn more about journalism from ASEAN’s youths.

Communist China’s media is restrictive. Social media is not really open to youths. However, this communist country is now starting turning her eyes to work with young journalists from ASEAN.

According to delegation leader Lim Mora, the deputy director of Youths of the Ministry of Education, Cambodian youths will understand the development of China and learn about media in China.

“The journalists have chance to meet each other, learn and communicate and improve their profession,” he said.

The workshop is week-long and conducted in three provinces of China including Beijing, Nanning and Tianjin.


ទំនាក់ទំនងរវាងចិន និងអាស៊ានមានការរីកចម្រើនគួរអោយកត់សម្គាល់ស្ទើរគ្រប់វិស័យ ជាពិសេស

ទៅលើផ្នែកសេដ្ឋកិច្ច នយោបាយ ភាសា និងវប្បធម៌ជាដើម។​ ប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ក៏ជាប្រទេសមួយ

ដែលស្ថិតនៅក្រោមឥទ្ធិពលពីប្រទេសកុម្មុយនីស្តចិន ដែលធ្វើអោយប្រទេសកម្ពុជាបានប្រកាន់ភ្ជាប់នូវនយោបាយចិនតែមួយ ហើយប្រទេសមួយនេះ


នៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ភាសាចិនឥឡូវនេះ ក៏មានភាពពេញនិយមក្នុងការសិក្សាពីយុវជនជំនាន់

ក្រោយ ខណៈពេលដែលសាលាចិនជាច្រើនកំពុងតែរីកដុះដាលដូចផ្សិតនៅកម្ពុជា។ ក្រៅពីនេះ

ប្រទេសចិនក៏មានការចាប់អារម្មណ៍ទៅលើយុវជនសារព័ត៌មានអាស៊ាន ក៏ដូចជាកម្ពុជាផងដែរ។

យុវជនកម្ពុជាចំនួន៨នាក់ដែលកំពុងធ្វើការទាក់ទងនឹងប្រព័ន្ធផ្សព្វផ្សាយនៅកម្ពុជាបានអញ្ជើញទៅប្រទេសចិនដើម្បីចូលរួមជុំរំយុវជនអាស៊ាន ចិន នៅថ្ងៃទី៣ ខែវិច្ឆិកាខាងមុខនេះ។ អ្នកយកព័ត៌មានទស្សនាវដ្តីLIFTពីរនាក់ នឹងចូលរួមក្នុងជំរុំយុវជននេះផងដែរ។ យុវជនជិត១០០នាក់មកពីអាស៊ាននឹងបានជួបជុំដើម្បីធ្វើការសិក្សាពីគ្នាទៅវិញទៅមក។

កញ្ញានូ មៈនេត្រអាថាណ្ណា អ្នកអត្ថាធិប្បាយព័ត៌មានរបស់ទូរទស្សន៍ស៊ីធីអ៊ិន ដែលនឹង

ចូលរួមក្នុងការដំណើរទស្សនកិច្ចនៅប្រទេសចិនដើមខែក្រោយនេះ បានមានប្រសាសន៍ថាៈ«ខ្ញុំរំពឹង

ថាខ្ញុំនឹងបានសិក្សាបន្ថែមទៅលើប្រទេសចិនក្នុងបរិបទអាស៊ាន ទៅលើចំនេះដឹងដែលខ្ញុំមាន ហើយប្រទេសចិនក៏ជាមិត្តយុទ្ធសាស្រ្តផងដែររបស់ប្រទេសកម្ពុជា»។

កញ្ញាបានបន្ថែមថា កញ្ញានឹងអាចចែករំលែកនូវបទពិសោធន៍ និងចំនេះដឹងដែលកញ្ញាមានជាមួយ

យុវជនអាស៊ានទាំងអស់នោះ និងនឹងសិក្សាបន្ថែមទៅលើវិស័យសារព័ត៌មានពីសំណាក់យុវជនផ្សេងៗដែលមកពីបណ្តាប្រទេសនៅក្នុងអាស៊ាន និងចិនទាំងមូល។

ចិនជាប្រទេសកុម្មុយនីស្តមួយដែលមានការរឹតត្បិតទៅលើវិស័យសារព័ត៌មាន និងការបញ្ចេញមតិ។ ប្រព័ន្ធផ្សព្វផ្សាយសង្គមដូចជាហ្វេសប៊ុក មិនមានការបើកចំហរដោយសេរីអោយយុវជនប្រើប្រាស់


បើយោងតាមអ្នកដឹកនាំក្រុមយុវជន លោកលឹម ម៉ូរ៉ា អនុប្រធានការិយាល័យយុវជននៃក្រសួងអប់រំ បានអោយដឹងថា ក្រៅពីការសិក្សាពីប្រព័ន្ធផ្សព្វផ្សាយនៅប្រទេសចិននិងអាស៊ាន អ្នកសារព័ត៌

មានយុវជនអាចពង្រឹងនូវវិជ្ជាជីវៈរបស់ពួកគេ ហើយពួកគេក៏អាចយល់ពីការរីកចម្រើនរបស់


លោកបានមានប្រសាសន៍ថាៈ«អ្នកកាសែតនឹងមានឪកាសជួបគ្នា សិក្សាស្វែងយល់ ក៍ដូចជាផ្សារ



របស់ចិនដែលមានដូចជា ប៉េជីង ណាននីង និងធៀនជិន។​

Surrogacy in India

By Sun Narin

Cambodian people are rarely aware of “surrogacy”, the process of carrying and delivering a baby for childless couples. People may consider it is strange if surrogacy exists.

Lift knows that Cambodian couples have consumed this service and rented women for a surrogate mother. Due to the fact that Cambodian couples do not want to disclose the information, the childless couples and surrogate mother refused to talk on this issue though Lift tried to ask for comment.

According to the source that heard of this issue from the childless couples, the couples took a Cambodian woman in Kandal province to become a surrogate mother in Thailand. The source said that another Cambodian couple went to Thailand and took a Thai woman to be their surrogate mother.

An article issued on March 2nd, 2011said that police in Thailand investigated an international “efficient embryo refining” syndicate after discovering 15 women who were allegedly inseminated and kept in a house during their pregnancies so an Internet-based company could sell their babies.

The company was apparently administered on the island nation of Taiwan with surrogate homes in Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam.

Females who wanted to earn an estimated $5,000 as a surrogate mother were asked on a job application if they had a “double-fold” or “single-fold” eyelid, and if their eyes were big, small, or “general size” because some customers were concerned about how their baby’s eyes would appear, the website said.

In Taiwan, surrogacy contract is not legal and in Thailand commercial surrogacy on website is illegal.

In India, the government has legalized surrogacy since 2002. India is emerging as a leader in international surrogacy. Surrogacy in India is much simpler and cost effective than anywhere else in the world. The surrogacy market in India is estimated to be considerably lower (about a fourth of what they would cost in the United States).

According to data compiled by the National ART (artificial reproductive techniques) Registry of India (NARI), from 50-odd cases in 2004 there has been a near 300 per cent jump to 158 cases in 2005.

Dr. Rohit Gutgutia, Medical Director of Neotia Healthcare Initiative Limited, at Bhagirathi Neotia Woman & Child Care Centre (BNCCCW Kolkata) said that with the increasing awareness of artificial reproductive technologies, number of queries regarding surrogacy cases is also increasing day by day. He added that his center always deals with 1-2 surrogacy cases per month and some 8- 10 couples every month enquire regarding options of surrogacy.

However, he said, “When properly counseled, they realize that there are other treatment options they were not aware of. Hence, couples medically suited for surrogacy are much less than couples enquiring for surrogacy.”

Genome The Fertility Clinic in Kolkata also sees the rise of the surrogacy. There have been from 18 to 20 cases of the surrogacy cases in the last couple years and a lot of counseling for the surrogacy, according to the medical expert from the clinic.

Having seen the other couples who are successful in finding the surrogate mother, a couple of Rinki Das, 30, from Howrah district went to discuss with the doctor and then they started couple months ago finding the woman who can be the surrogate mother.

“I can afford only maximum of 5000 dollars for the surrogate mother. I need the healthy woman with the age below 30.”

Some websites have become the place for the childless families residing in Kolkata to post the information of finding the surrogate mother. People can post the information of finding the surrogate mother for their babies.

Dr. Rohit Gutgutia explains the consequence for the surrogate mother that pregnancy is always a potential risk and others such as nutritional deficiencies, vitamin deficiency, iron and other deficiencies. He adds that surrogate mothers have to be healthy with maximum 1-2 children of her own.

Surrogacy in India is criticized to be the unethical issue. Dr Rajib K. Haldar , the additional Director of Child In Need Institute (CINI) in West Bengal said that: “ Surrogacy is an offshoot of denial of womanhood and child rights. Society has been increasing moving towards commercialization of human body and spirit of life.”

ដោយ ស៊ុន​ ណារិន

ប្រជាជនខ្មែរមិនសូវជាបានដឹង និងលឺពីអ្វីដែលហៅថា«ការពរពោះអោយគេ» ពីព្រោះវាកម្រ

នឹងកើតឡើងនៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ហើយពួកគេយល់ថា វាជាការចម្លែកមួយ ប្រសិនបើវា

កើតឡើងនៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា។ ទស្សនាវដ្តីLIFT បានដឹងថាមានករណីដែលស្រ្តីខ្មែរបានរក

សេវាកម្មការពរពោះអោយគេ ហើយក៏មាននារីខ្មែរដែលបានពរពោះអោយគេដែរ។ ដោយសារ

តែវាជារឿងមួយដែលប្រជាជនខ្មែរមិនចង់បង្ហាញនូវបញ្ហានេះ អ្នកដែលទស្សាវដ្តីLIFT បានដឹង

ថាបានប្រើប្រាស់សេវាកម្មនេះ បានបដិសេធជាច្រើនដងក្នុងការនិយាយពីបញ្ហានេះ ទោះបីជា

LIFT បានព្យាយាមទំនាក់ទំនងសាកសួរ។ ទោះបីជាយ៉ាងណាក៏ដោយ ប្រភពជិត

ស្និទ្ធរបស់អ្នករកសេវាកម្មនោះបានអោយដឹងថា ប្តីប្រពន្ធមួយគូបានអោយស្រ្តីខ្មែរមួយរូបនៅ

ខេត្តកណ្តាលពរពោះអោយពួកគាត់នៅប្រទេសថៃ និងប្តីប្រពន្ធមួយគូរទៀតបានអោយស្រ្តីជា


យោងតាមអត្ថបទមួយដែលចេញផ្សាយនៅថ្ងៃទី២ ខែមីនា ឆ្នាំ២០១១ លើគេហទំព័រ បានអោយដឹងថា ប៉ូលិសនៅប្រទេសថៃបានធ្វើការចុះអង្កេតទៅលើក្រុម

ហ៊ុនមួយ ដែលចោទប្រកាន់ពីបទរក្សាទុកស្រ្តីដើម្បីពរពោះអោយគេ។

ក្រុមហ៊ុនននោះមានប្រភពមកពីដែនកោះតៃវ៉ាន់ដែលមានអ្នកពរពោះអោយគេ និងអ្នកស្វែររក

សេវាកម្មនេះមកពីប្រទេសថៃ កម្ពុជា និងវៀតណាម។

ស្រ្តីដែលចង់រកប្រាក់ប្រហែលជា៥០០០ដុល្លា ក្នុងការពរពោះអោយគេ ត្រូវបានគេសួរទៅលើបញ្ហាមួយចំនួន ដូចជា ភ្នែកមានត្របកមួយឬពីរស្រទាប់ ភ្នែកតូចឬធំ

ដោយសារតែពួកគេមានការបារម្ភទៅលើភ្នែករបស់ទារក ប្រសិនបើគេជួលនារីម្នាក់ហ្នឹងអោយ


នៅក្នុងប្រទេសតៃវ៉ាន់ កុងត្រាការពរពោះគឺមិនត្រូវបានទទួលស្គាល់ជាលក្ខណៈស្របច្បាប់ទេ

ហើយនៅក្នុងប្រទេសថៃវិញ ការរកស៊ីទៅលើការពរពោះអោយគេក៏មិនមានភាពស្របច្បាប់


នៅក្នុងប្រទេសឥណ្ឌា រដ្ឋាភិបាលបានធ្វើអោយមានភាពស្របច្បាប់នៃការពរពោះអោយគេ

តាំងពីឆ្នាំ២០០២ ហើយប្រទេសឥណ្ឌាបានលេចធ្លោជាងគេក្នុងការពរពោះអោយគេនេះ។ នៅ

ប្រទេសឥណ្ឌា តម្លៃនៃការពរពោះថោកជាងប្រទេសដ៏ទៃទៀតនៅក្នុងពិភពលោក បើប្រៀប



National ARTបានអោយដឹងថា ក្នុងឆ្នាំ២០០៤ មាន៥០ករណី ហើយបានកើនឡើងដល់១៥៨


លោកវេជ្ជបណ្ឌិតRohit Gutgutia ជាប្រធានមជ្ឈមណ្ឌលថែរក្សាសុខភាពកុមារ និងស្រ្តីនៅ

ក្នុងទីក្រុងកុលកាតា បានមានប្រសាសន៍ថា ដោយសារតែមានការយល់ដឹងច្រើនពីបច្ចេកវិជ្ជា

សុខភាពបន្តពូជមួយដ៏ទំនើប ចំនួនមនុស្សដែលមកសួរពីសេវាកម្មនេះ បានកើនឡើងពីមួយ


លោកបានបន្តថា ក្នុងគ្លីនិចរបស់យើង ក្នុងមួយខែមានមនុស្សមួយទៅពីរនាក់

បានមកទទួលសេវាកម្មនេះ ហើយពី៨ទៅ១០គូរ បានមកសួរពីសេវាកម្មនេះក្នុងមួយខែ។

ទោះបីជាយ៉ាងណាក៏ដោយ លោកបានមានប្រសាសន៍ថាៈ«នៅពេលដែលពួកគេមកធ្វើការ

ប្រឹក្សាយោបល់បានម៉ត់ចត់ ពួកគេយល់ថាមានជម្រើសក្នុងការព្យាបាលដែលពួកគេមិនបាន

ដឹង។​ដូច្នេះ អ្នកដែលសាកសមសម្រាប់ការពរពោះមានចំនួនតិចតួចណាស់ បើប្រៀបធៀប


នៅប្រទេសឥណ្ឌា វេបសាយមួយចំនួនបានក្លាយជាកន្លែងដែលពួកគាត់អាចផ្សព្វផ្សាយព័ត៌

មានពីការស្វែងរកម្តាយពរពោះអោយគេ។ ក្រោយពីបានឃើញអ្នកផ្សេងៗទទួលបានជោគ

ជ័យក្នុងការស្វែងរកម្តាយពរពោះអោយខ្លួន អ្នកនាងRinki Das អាយុ៣០ឆ្នាំ ក៏បានទៅពិភាក្សា

ជាមួយនឹងគ្រូពេទ្យពីបញ្ហានេះ ហើយគាត់ចាប់ផ្តើមផ្សព្វផ្សាយដើម្បីស្វែងរកម្តាយពរពោះ។


អោយនាង ហើយខ្ញុំត្រូវការនារីដែលមានសុខភាពល្អ និងមានអាយុទាបជាង៣០ឆ្នាំ»។

លោកវេជ្ជបណ្ឌិតRohit Gutgutia បានបន្តថា ស្រ្តីដែលពរពោះអោយគេ ភាគច្រើនមកពីគ្រសារ

ដែលមានបញ្ហាលំបាកក្នុងគ្រួសារ។ លោកបានពន្យល់ពីផលលំបាកនៃម្តាយពរពោះអោយគេ

ថា ការមានផ្ទៃពោះជាគ្រោះថ្នាក់មួយដែលគួរអោយព្រួយបារម្ភ និងការប្រឈមផ្សេងៗទៀត

ដូចជាកង្វះអាហារូបត្ថម្ភ និងវីតាមីនផ្សេងៗ។

លោកបានបន្ថែមថា អ្នកដែលអាចពរពោះអោយគេបានត្រូវតែមានសុខភាពល្អ ហើយមានកូន


ទោះបីជាយ៉ាងណាក៏ដោយ ការពរពោះអោយគេនៅក្នុងប្រទេសឥណ្ឌាត្រូវបានគេរិះគន់ថា


លោកវេជ្ជបណ្ឌិត Rajib K. Haldar ប្រធាន Child In Need Institute (CINI) នៅ West Bengal ប្រទេសឥណ្ឌាបានមានប្រសាសន៍ថាៈ«ការពរពោះអោយគេ គឺជាផ្នែកមួយនៃការបដិសេធ

នៃសិទ្ធិស្រ្តី និងកុមារ។ សង្គមមានការរីកចម្រើនទៅមុខទៅកាន់ការរកស៊ីទាក់ទងនឹងមនុស្ស»។

It is life. It is sad. Our sadness shadows our life.

We cannot take it away. It cannot be forgiven.

I do not want to make you sad and trouble anymore with me.

Hope to be recovered.

Why People Commit Suicide because of Love

Photo from Flikcr

By Sun Narin and Suy Heim Khemra

October 26, 2011

LOVE between boy and girl has become influential in their life. First, they love each other. They share and enjoy with the love they are having together. They also try to understand each other and look forwards to the future wedding. However, some love is not good like that.  Due to some reasons, they are broke up with each other. This leads one person of the couple to commit suicide by taking some pills to death and falling from the high building or bridge.

Some students express their ideas on the suicidal:

Professor of Sociology Vong Em Sam An is giving interview with Love blog reporter/photo by Suy Heim Khemra

Committing suicide is something related to the complete stressfulness and depression of the people, according to Vong Em Sam An, the professor of sociologyfrom the Royal University of Phnom Penh. He explains that people committing suicide is to meet what they need. He said that most people who are from teenager age up to twenty five tend to commit suicide because of love.

He adds that we cannot say people at what age tend to commit suicide but we just know that people in the young age are tend to be more bad-tempered. They do not have much consideration. Therefore, they tend to commit suicide than the old-aged people.

In order to prevent someone from suicidal, he recommends that:


The delights and hidden dangers of karaoke parlours

By Sun Narin

Wednesday, 19 October 2011

A few years ago, the Phnom Penh authorities decided to crack down on karaoke parlours. They raided several of them to ensure no human trafficking, drug abuse or other crimes were being committed by guests, especially young people. This crackdown left a lot of students, who enjoy going to karaoke parlours with their family members and friends purely for pleasure, afraid of being arrested by the police during a raid. Despite this, we have noticed that karaoke parlours of all descriptions have mushroomed in Phnom Penh, and crackdowns and checks rarely occur these days. Statistics compiled by the Phnom Penh Municipality indicate that in 2001, there were roughly 300 karaoke parlours in the capital, most of which were adjacent to schools, tourist areas, pagodas and hospitals.

By 2010, according to the Ministry of Tourism, the number of karaoke establishments – big, small, modern, makeshift, authorised and unauthorised – in Phnom Penh had risen to as many as 400. Karaoke parlours are now ubiquitous in the capital, attracting big crowds of young people and students. Some students seek entertainment and a break from their studies by going to clubs and karaoke parlours.

Besides the crimes and other things that happen at these parl-ours, one issue of concern is that their rooms become a place for lovers to become intimate and have sex. According to information I have collected from young people who are aware of the problem, a lot of lovers go to normal karaoke houses, then begin having sex there. They say some closed karaoke rooms are decorated as rooms for having sex, and condoms are available in them.

A male student who asked not to be named said he had often gone to sing karaoke with his girlfriend, then had sex with her there. He said he always went to karaoke houses where he could have sex. The authorities should take more action to curb the growth of karaoke clubs, as they can become places where some young people find themselves tempted to have sex. This behaviour will distract young people from their studies and expose them to the risk of early pregnancy and contracting sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV.

The authorities have to deal with this issue by again cracking down on karaoke parlours and stepping up checks to prevent sex and illicit behaviour in karaoke rooms. A survey conducted in August, 2002 by Hean Sokhom, of the Centre for Advanced Study, on the behaviour of women working in the entertainment sector in Phnom Penh found more men were having sex with indirect sex workers (mostly young women aged between 16 and 25) in nightclubs, karaoke houses and massage parlours than with direct sex workers. Some big karaoke parlours in Phnom Penh have obscene images on their walls.

This is inappropriate, because it can cause young patrons to have sexual feelings, and the authorities should take more action to tackle these irregularities. I believe bribery is still a problem, as it can lead to immoral activities in karaoke parlours. The Phnom Penh Post reported on May 5 last year that the Chamkar Morn district governor had been accused of accepting bribes from illegal karaoke parlours so they would not be raided by the police. As long as bribery remains an issue, there will still be irregular activities in karaoke rooms.

Late in 2001, Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen issued an order to shut down nightclubs, discotheques and karaoke parlours nationwide in a move aimed at clamping down on human trafficking, drug abuse and other crimes. The authorities should take more action to curb the growth of karaoke clubs, as they can become places where some young people find themselves tempted to have sex. In addition, the authorities need to crack down on unauthorised parlours, as they can be venues for crimes and sex abuse. I would also recommend that young females be careful when going to karaoke parlours, as they can be sexually harassed or abused.